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Carbon Trading: Recommended reading

ETS reforms steal attention from measures that could actually work

FERN wrote this guest commentary for PointCarbon ( to highlight that the time has come to give up waiting for the "market" to deliver the structural changes needed to keep global warming below two degrees and start taking direct action.

PDF iconGuest commentary.pdf431.19 KB

An end to forest offsets

This manual was put together by the partners of the Grundtvig Learning Partnership “Forests and climate protection – merging topics in environmental education”. It provides background information for developing new approaches in environmental education focusing on the intricate relation of forests and climate. For fully footnoted and referenced information about the problems with carbon trading and offsets please see Designed to fail.


PDF iconAn-end-to-forest-offsets-final.pdf355.36 KB

Most recent publications

Response to the Verified Carbon Standard

By Fern

In November 2017, Fern published new research showing why forest carbon offsets should be ineligible for the United Nations (UN) ICAO. The VCS issued a public “rebuttal” to our publication.

Fern wishes to reassert why forest offsets and, more broadly offsetting itself, is not a viable solution to climate change or a way to protect communities’ rights.

Improving forest governance in Laos

In 2012, the Lao government expressed interest in negotiating a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) with the European Union to address illegal logging trade and to improve forest governance.

How UN aviation deal is cheating the climate


Today airlines are plotting a deal that would undermine our ability to tackle climate change. Tell ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization their plan must REDUCE emissions.


Aviation sector threatens to undermine Paris Agreement

This press release explains why the aviation sector’s plan for tackling its greenhouse gas emissions would have disastrous consequences for the climate.