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Certification and Procurement

Fern’s analysis: Whether to buy certified products is a choice consumers make on a near daily basis as certifications schemes exist for timber products, fish, organic food and many other items.

When it comes to forest products, there are two major certification schemes: the PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Products and the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council). The PEFC, created by the forestry sector in response to the creation of the FSC, has developed from a ‘rubber stamping’ exercise without any controls, to a genuine certification scheme. Despite these improvements, Fern’s 2001 report Behind the Logo and Fern’s 2005 report Footprints in the Forest found that the PEFC remained less rigorous than the FSC.

For many years Fern was an active supporter and member of the FSC. Its multi-stakeholder process was innovative and set a trend for other initiatives, including FLEGT.  In part thanks to FSC, good forest management is now widely seen as being a balancing act between economic, social and environmental values, rather than just as sustainable yield. This balancing act requires an inclusive, deliberative, multi-stakeholder process to set standards and processes. Lack of effective implementation of its standards, combined with an attempt – later abandoned – to certify forest carbon offsets, was, however, sufficient reason for Fern to hand in its membership in 2011.

Since then Fern’s focus has moved away from certification. Certification still has a clear role in improving forest and land management, but there are real limits to what certification can achieve. The real threats to forests today are climate change and over-consumption of forest and agricultural products, neither of which can be addressed by certification. In some cases, certification is even used as an excuse to not reduce consumption. The EU’s bioenergy policy is a good example - it encourages biofuels as long as they are certified, when it should be incentivising real renewables and dis-incentivising land based bioenergy.  There is a serious risk that future EU policies on bioenergy will make the same mistake for woody biomass

What Fern is doing: Fern is working to ensure that the EU develops and implements coherent policies that reduce the overall EU forest footprint, while increasing the percentage of commodities that are legally and sustainably sourced. Fern calls on the EU to develop a policy to reduce emissions in the forest and land sector by improving management and restoration of existing EU forests.

To learn more about our previous work on certification: see Fern's statement to the Forest Stewardship Council on withdrawing Fern's membership, Fern’s previous statement on FSC and Fern’s report analysing different certification schemes: Behind the Logo, Footprints in the forest and Buying a sustainable future.

Most recent publications

Legal analysis from ClientEarth on the place of "social criteria" in Public Procurement Policies for Legal and Sustainable Timber

The briefing from ClientEarth outlines key principles of the law governing public procurement in the European Union and explains why it is appropriate to include criteria relating to social aspects of sustainable forest management as technical specifications and award criteria in Member State timber procurement policies.

EU Ecolabel allows forest destruction - the case of Pindo Deli

This report investigates the award of the EU Ecolabel to two photocopy brands, Golden Plus and Lucky Boss, manufactured by the Indonesian company Pindo Deli, part of Asia Pulp and Paper (APP), one of the world's most controversial pulp and paper companies. It concludes that the EU Ecolabel criteria for sustainable forest management for copy & graphic paper and the revised version (latest draft from December 2009

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PDF iconFERN_PindoDeli-final.pdf1.26 MB

The link between forest destruction and the EU Ecolabel

Press release highlighting the FERN report “EU Ecolabel allows forest destruction – the case of Pindo Deli.” The report adds weight to the argument that the EU Ecolabel for forest products has proven itself unworthy, been bypassed by Member States’ purchasing policies and is at the mercy of companies wishing to greenwash their practices whilst changing nothing.

Forestwatch Issue 145 and Copenhagen Special

  • EU Member States reject prohibition of the sale of illegal timber
  • NGOs reject Ecolabel for copying and graphic paper
  • Will Europe follow America’s ECAs in reducing GHGs
  • Integrated Product Policy and Beyond
  • Member States’ support binding biomass criteria
  • Copenhagen Update (Available in French and Spanish)

Forestwatch issue 141

  • Obstacles on the road to sustainable bioenergy criteria
  • Climate haggling... to be continued
  • UK timber procurement: Help shape criteria
  • The Saami Council applauds breakthrough
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PDF iconOPEN179.99 KB

FERN position on FSC

A FERN statement outlining our reasons for continuing our FSC membership and the policies and actions that would lead to us handing in this membership.

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PDF iconOPEN57.49 KB

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