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Forests and climate: Recommended reading

MEP letter on a robust effort sharing decision

On 20 July, the European Commission will make its proposal on how to integrate emissions from land and forests (LULUCF) into the climate and energy package.

However, this has not stopped the Environment Committee in the European Parliament from already forming an opinion.

In a sign of strong political unity, environment coordinators from all seven political parties wrote to Vice-President Katainen, Vice-President Šefčovič, Commissioner Arias Cañete and Commissioner Hogan with the message that “LULUCF cannot compensate for man-made emissions and…should not be used to delay the much needed low carbon transition.”

The MEPs also state that “annual compliance checks must be kept in place and not be replaced by 5-yearly compliance cycles in the ESD” since otherwise “the EU would effectively only know in 2027 whether Member States are on track to 2030.”

Civil society warns that negotiations not progressing on saving forests

A press release from the Accra Caucus outlining disappointment over the outcomes of climate negotiations in Tianjin, China, and worries about the dangers of a bad forest deal being agreed at the next United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of the Parties in Cancun.

CAN presentation in Accra

Formal presentation by Climate Action Network to the UNFCCC conference in Accra, August 2008
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Accra Caucus on Forests and Climate

Principles and Processes for REDD as adopted by an ad hoc coalition of NGOs and IPOs in Accra, during the UNFCCC meeting in Ausgust 2008
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CAN Principles for REDD

Principles for REDD as developed and adopted by the Climate Action Network (CAN) and presented at UNFCCC meeting in Accra, August 2008
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Congo Basin NGO Declaration on Forests and Climate

Presented at UNFCCC meeting in Accra, August 2008

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Measuring transnational leakage of forest conservation

An article published in Elsevier Journal Ecological Economics on 'Measuring transnational leakage of forest conservation' by  Jianbang Gana, Bruce A. McCarlb.

Forest conservation in one country can influence the degree of conservation or deforestation in other countries because of international linkages of the forest products industry and markets and a lack of global coordination. Thus leakage and offsetting losses of environmental quality may be present. The authors find that the magnitude of leakage depends upon the price elasticities of supply of anddemand for forestry products across the countries and degree of cooperation in forest conservation. We estimate that a significant portion (42%–95%) of the reduced forestry production implemented in a country/region can be transferred to elsewhere, offsetting environmental gains. 
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Most recent publications

Białowieża forest struggle is symptomatic of a greater ill


As Polish authorities disregard national protests and international pressure to stop logging, activists face increasing hostility in order to protect Białowieża, Europe’s last primeval forest. Activists estimate that 600-900 trees are felled daily.

EU’s Environment Committee recognises role of forests in fighting climate change but fails on bioenergy

The European Parliament’s Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee today voted to increase removals of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by forests from 2030 onwards, recognising the important role that EU fore

What impact has the Renewable Energy Directive had on EU forests?

The EU Renewable Energy Directive was launched in 2009 to great fanfare and the promise that the EU would fulfil at least 20 per cent of its total energy needs with renewables. Few could have guessed that
a policy intended to help the EU meet climate goals would lead to vast increases in the burning of wood, degrading forests in Europe and beyond.
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Blog: Aviation industry's carbon offsetting plans keep flying into trouble

by Julia Christian

Keeping global warming below 1.5°C - which the Paris Agreement strives to – means fundamental changes for industries from energy to transport. Yet the aviation sector - one of the planet’s biggest emitters of carbon dioxide (CO2) - is trying to avoid making changes.  If it were a country, aviation would be the world’s seventh largest emitter. So the challenge to reduce its emissions is urgent. The response so far from the UN’s International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has been to actually propose an increase in flying.

NGOs call for policy changes in the wake of Portugal’s forest fires

Five days after the deadly wildfires in Eucalyptus Plantations Pedrógão Grande in central Portugal claimed 64 lives, two leading forestry campaigning organisations, Quercus (based in Lisbon, Portugal) and Fern (based in Brussels, Belgium), call on the EU to examine how their policies and subsidies have driven the Portuguese plantation model.

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One step forward, two steps back for EU on climate and forests

Today, the European Parliament took one step forward and two steps back for the climate and forests.

Read the full Press Release

On a positive front, the Environment Committee voted to strengthen the EU’s climate target for the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) - which covers the agriculture, waste, buildings and transport sectors - by reducing the amount of ‘LULUCF offsets’ they had access to by 90 million tons of CO2.