Publications & Insight
Key elements for an agreement between the EU and cocoa-producing countries, to ensure sustainability in the cocoa sector
The European Commission is exploring bilateral agreements with the governments of Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire to ensure sustainability in the cocoa sector, and in particular to tackle deforestation, farmer poverty and child labour.
COVID-19: Is Ghana’s government losing the battle?
With lockdown eased, preventing the spread of disease is shifts to individual responsibility.
Annual Report 2019
The world’s forests, and the rights of many who depend on them, remained under assault in 2019.
These attacks came from many directions: from the erosion of environmental and human rights protections in Brazil under President Jair Bolsonaro, to the Amazon fires; from the EU’s devastating bioenergy policy, to its raft of Free Trade Agreements with forested countries to increase our insatiable consumption of products that drive deforestation; from a lack of secure tenure rights for people depending on forests for their survival, to failures of transparency and accountability in the forest sector…
Cocoa: why the European Union must act now to eliminate deforestation and child labour from the chocolate we love
European countries are the world’s largest importers of the cocoa beans whose production is devastating rainforests in West Africa and driving millions of children into child labour. To prevent this, chocolate companies and NGOs...
How to ensure FLEGT is a success: Make sure we stay the course
This January 2020 Fern and LoggingOff's update on FLEGT VPAs shows the support the process is still receiving from civil society, governments and the private sector. It is written by Civil Society leaders across Africa, Asia and Latin America and shows their enthusiasm for the process despite the multiple challenges.
Cocoa update: farmers in West Africa could benefit from higher cocoa prices; calls intensify for EU regulation
Companies will back producer countries’ bold move to raise cocoa prices, and are also showing support for EU regulation.
Civil society from emerging nations share their views on forests in danger and EU policies
NGO leaders from tropical forested nations offer first-hand accounts on what is needed for effective forest protection.
Healthy forests = equitable livelihoods, inclusive development and a resilient climate
This briefing endorsed by Client Earth, the Environmental Investigation Agency, Fern, Forest Peoples Programme, and Transparency International details what the EU can do to ensure that healthy forests contribute to local...
Deepening and expanding multi-stakeholder participation in VPAs to achieve greater impact
VPA update, June 2019
One of the unique features of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) – which form a key part of the EU’s Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan – is that they allow a variety of actors (government, private sector, civil society and forest communities) to discuss how forests should be managed.
Towards sustainable cocoa supply chains: Regulatory options for the EU
Europeans consume more chocolate than anyone else in the world. But the cocoa production sector – based primarily in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire - is plagued with child labour and deforestation.
Following decades of failed...