Publications & Insight
At the crossroads? A brief analysis of the European wood pellets market in 2022 and 2023
The European wood pellets market has been the world's largest for more than 15 years, driven by EU renewable energy policies authorising EU Member States to subsidise energy companies burning wood and the purchase of wood pellets...
European wood pellet markets shrunk in 2022, industrial demand remains low in 202
Electricity produced by burning wood pellets decreased in absolute terms for the first time in 2022, while wind and solar rose.
Driven by EU policy and strong national incentives for both industrial and residential use, the...
Wiser with wood
New Fern/ClientEarth briefing: A guide on how to transpose the EU’s revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED III) to better protect forests, the climate, public health and other wood-using industries
Final EU Renewable Energy Directive will continue driving forest destruction, but national lawmakers can limit the damage
Despite repeated warnings from scientists, doctors, NGOs, and EU citizens about its dire consequences for forests and air quality, the final version of the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED III) which was adopted today, will...
"Green Gold" - a board game on land use and climate change
In 2019, Fern worked with a game designer to create “Green Gold” - a board game to show the complex issues that need to be considered when thinking about how best to tackle the climate crisis through improved land use. It is set...
Belgium's largest biomass plant closes… for good
In a trend that will greatly benefit forests if it catches on, the energy company Engie appears to be turning away from burning solid biomass.
Vattenfall must stop destroying forests and worsening climate chaos
Vattenfall is today preventing young climate activists from attending their annual general meeting. In Vattenfall’s Notice to attend, it says: "The Annual General Meeting is open to the general public. In connection with the...
New EU biomass rules: a crushing defeat for forests
The RED negotiations' outcome underscores how little it matters that Parliament and EU citizens wish to protect forests, if it is more convenient to let the biomass industry burn them.
EU's revised Renewable Energy Directive fails to address the realities of the climate and biodiversity crisis
In the early hours of today, European Union (EU) negotiators concluded negotiations over the Renewable Energy Directive (RED). The outcome will not reduce the EU’s wood burning addiction to comply with its renewable targets. It...