Forest bioenergy and biodiversity in the EU: The threats, the possibilities and the challenges
This report looks at the possible benefits of biomass use and considers the levels of biomass that may be available. It also discusses in detail the meaning of sustainable biomass and the practices that have a high risk of...
Forests in danger: failures of EU policy and what needs to change
Though EU policy aims to give equal weight to the 'commercial interests' versus 'ecological interests' of forests, in practice, commercial interests have dominated. This is concerning given that forests can help mitigate the...
Process to ratify timber trade agreements
A short briefing note on the processes that leads to operational VPA agreements.
The VPA process is undertaken by the EU on behalf of all its Member States. Although both parties (the EU and the timber producer country) enter...
Trading carbon: how it works and why it is controversial
In the drive to tackle climate change, carbon trading has become the policy instrument of choice among governments. It is also a central element of the UNFCCC’s Kyoto Protocol. National or regional carbon trading schemes are now...
Fools gold: How the planet pays the price for Europes export credits
Member States' Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) are undermining EU climate objectives by providing billions of euros worth of support for highly carbon-intensive projects and "techno-fixes" masquerading as environmental solutions....
European ECA support to carbon intensive industries, a research paper by Profundo
This research conducted for FERN analyses the involvement of all 21 ECAs of EU member countries in the financing of carbon-intensive industries during the period 2004-2009.
Realising rights, protecting forests: An Alternative Vision for Reducing Deforestation
This report is intended primarily for opinion-formers and decisionmakers with a role in making and influencing national policy and legislation on REDD. The case studies show that respecting the rights and realities of indigenous...
A civil society counter-brief on the Congo-EU VPA
On 9 May 2009 the government of the Republic of Congo and the European Union (EU) concluded a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) that aims to solve the country’s problem of illegal logging and associated poor forest governance....
What changes are needed? The implementation of EUs Rural Development Policy
This report follows up FERN’s earlier study “Funding forests into the future? How the European Fund for Rural Development affects Europe’s forests”. It focuses on how national programmes – and more specifically their forestry...
A civil society counter-brief on the Cameroon–EU VPA
On 6th May 2010, the Cameroonian Government and the European Union (EU) concluded a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) that aims to solve the country’s pervasive problem of illegal logging and associated poor governance. The...