A comparison of national sustainability schemes for solid biomass in the EU
There are no harmonised sustainability criteria for bioenergy or the sourcing of biomass across the European Union (EU). EU Member States have therefore largely relied on domestic Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) rules to guide...
Up In Flames: How biomass burning wrecks Europe’s forests
This new report by Fred Pearce for Fern shows that Europe’s forests are being invaded in the name of green energy. The report focuses on a number of forests in Europe and the US, that are under threat by this push for bioenergy,...
Bioenergy briefing note 1: the limited availability of wood for energy
This is the first of a series of briefings Fern is producing on bioenergy. This briefing shows how little forest biomass is available, and proposes an EU strategy for a more efficient use of the scarce wood resource.
Pitfalls and potentials: the role of bioenergy in the EU climate and energy policy post 2020
This position paper from Fern and 10 other NGOs argues that the EU should limit bioenergy use in achieving the 2030 renewable energy target, and should introduce safeguards to avoid negative impacts on the environment, people and...
Healthy Growth? Risk and Opportunity in Bulgaria’s Biomass Industry
There are currently no sustainability standards for biomass production in Bulgaria at either national or EU level. Meanwhile interest is growing in new biomass plants, boilers, and combined heat and power (CHP) plants. This report...
Degrading ecosystems to prevent climate change. Can Czech forests and soils survive the dash for biomass?
This report looks at solid and gaseous biomass use in the Czech Republic to see whether existing legal and regulatory frameworks are sufficient to guarantee sustainable biomass production. It concludes that to achieve responsible...
Felling the Golden Goose. The Sustainable Limits of Finland’s Biomass Ambitions
Projections of future wood availability indicate that Finnish forests should be able to provide sufficient to achieve the country’s 2020 targets for renewable energy. Beyond 2020 it is difficult to predict whether forests will be...
Flows of biomass to and from the EU
This new report shows that the quantity of wood required to satisfy the European Union’s 20-20-20 target is likely to be too large to be met by increased production within the EU. Member States will have to rely on importing wood...
Woody Biomass for Energy: NGO Concerns and Recommendations
The European Commission recently consulted on its preparation of a report on additional sustainability measures at EU level for solid and gaseous biomass used in electricity, heating and cooling. This consultation failed to ask...