Degrading ecosystems to prevent climate change. Can Czech forests and soils survive the dash for biomass?
This report looks at solid and gaseous biomass use in the Czech Republic to see whether existing legal and regulatory frameworks are sufficient to guarantee sustainable biomass production. It concludes that to achieve responsible...
Felling the Golden Goose. The Sustainable Limits of Finland’s Biomass Ambitions
Projections of future wood availability indicate that Finnish forests should be able to provide sufficient to achieve the country’s 2020 targets for renewable energy. Beyond 2020 it is difficult to predict whether forests will be...
Flows of biomass to and from the EU
This new report shows that the quantity of wood required to satisfy the European Union’s 20-20-20 target is likely to be too large to be met by increased production within the EU. Member States will have to rely on importing wood...
Woody Biomass for Energy: NGO Concerns and Recommendations
The European Commission recently consulted on its preparation of a report on additional sustainability measures at EU level for solid and gaseous biomass used in electricity, heating and cooling. This consultation failed to ask...
Driving to destruction
This study analyses the likely impacts on land use and greenhouse gas emissions of biofuel use by 2020, as projected in recently published National Renewable Energy Action Plans in 23 EU member states. The analysis includes...
Forest bioenergy and biodiversity in the EU: The threats, the possibilities and the challenges
This report looks at the possible benefits of biomass use and considers the levels of biomass that may be available. It also discusses in detail the meaning of sustainable biomass and the practices that have a high risk of...
Volunteering for disaster - Why biomass criteria must be ambitious and legally binding
As 2009 draws to a close, the European Commission is finalising its report on a sustainability scheme for biomass, but considering voluntary recommendations rather than binding biomass criteria. This short briefing explains why...
Powering Europe sustainably
A discussion paper looking at the role that biomass could play in meeting Europe's energy needs.
From green ideals to REDD money
FERN briefing note detailing the history of Avoided Deforestation and Degradation and explaining the basic differences between the different country proposals on the table for Reduced Emissions of Deforestation and Forest...
When the solution is the problem: The EU and its policies on agrofuels
This briefing paper briefly describes the two sides of the agrofuels issue and analyses the present EU debate. It concludes that the present EU policy is misguided and strongly advocates dropping the 10 per cent target while...