LULUCF: what would a good proposal look like?
As the ratification process for the Paris Climate Agreement begins, a new Fern briefing has shown how the EU’s new policy on land and forests could help it to be more ambitious on its climate change targets, and set a positive...
Bioenergy briefing note 1: the limited availability of wood for energy
This is the first of a series of briefings Fern is producing on bioenergy. This briefing shows how little forest biomass is available, and proposes an EU strategy for a more efficient use of the scarce wood resource.The European...
Who takes the credit? REDD+ in a post-2020 UN climate agreement
This briefing note addresses the risks that could arise if Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) were to be included in an international climate agreement. Specifically, it looks at ‘double-counting’,...
Subsidising Climate Change: How industry uses the EU ETS to manipulate State Aid rules for their own profit
This short briefing looking at how State Aid is being used to offset the indirect costs of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). The Commission is attempting to remedy the low price of carbon, but State Aid guidelines mean...
Banking on carbon markets: Why the European Investment Bank got it wrong in the fight against climate change
This briefing provides an overview of the publicly documented involvement of the European Investment Bank (EIB) in support of failing carbon markets. It is based on a report by the organisations Counter Balance and Campagna per la...
Why carbon markets will not deliver for Southern governments, forests and people
Many governments believe that carbon trading will provide substantial funding to protect or sustainably manage forests in their countries via proposed schemes to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD). This...
Is REDD-readiness taking us in the right direction?
This set of case studies from 2011 looking at how the REDD+ process has been experienced on the ground is a follow up to the June 2010 Accra Caucus on Forests and Climate Change report looking at countries preparing for the...
Driving to destruction
This study analyses the likely impacts on land use and greenhouse gas emissions of biofuel use by 2020, as projected in recently published National Renewable Energy Action Plans in 23 EU member states. The analysis includes...
Why Congo Basin countries stand to lose out from a market based REDD
This briefing paper unravels the implications of setting a historical baseline with a correction factor for low deforestation countries. It also explains why carbon markets are unlikely to raise the anticipated funds for forest...
Volunteering for disaster - Why biomass criteria must be ambitious and legally binding
As 2009 draws to a close, the European Commission is finalising its report on a sustainability scheme for biomass, but considering voluntary recommendations rather than binding biomass criteria. This short briefing explains why...