Publications & Insight
ETS reforms steal attention from measures that could actually work
FERN wrote this guest commentary for PointCarbon (www.pointcarbon.com) to highlight that the time has come to give up waiting for the "market" to deliver the structural changes needed to keep global warming below two degrees and...
How sustainable is Scandinavian biomass?
By 2020, bioenergy will account for more than 10 per cent of total energy consumption in the EU. Scandinavian forests will be a significant source of biomass for energy, but intensified harvesting could substantially harm...
Doha climate talks: ForestWatch special issue
The 18th United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP18) was held in Doha, Qatar against a backdrop of high profile reports warning that the world is heading for between 4 and 6°C...
FLEGT VPA Update November 2012
Every six months, FERN produces an update looking at the present situation with regards the EU's Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan, with a specific focus on VPAs. This November 2012 example looks at...
Felling the Golden Goose. The Sustainable Limits of Finland’s Biomass Ambitions
Projections of future wood availability indicate that Finnish forests should be able to provide sufficient to achieve the country’s 2020 targets for renewable energy. Beyond 2020 it is difficult to predict whether forests will be...
Degrading ecosystems to prevent climate change. Can Czech forests and soils survive the dash for biomass?
This report looks at solid and gaseous biomass use in the Czech Republic to see whether existing legal and regulatory frameworks are sufficient to guarantee sustainable biomass production. It concludes that to achieve responsible...
Healthy Growth? Risk and Opportunity in Bulgaria’s Biomass Industry
There are currently no sustainability standards for biomass production in Bulgaria at either national or EU level. Meanwhile interest is growing in new biomass plants, boilers, and combined heat and power (CHP) plants. This report...
Lessons learned from funding for FLEGT
This briefing note provides useful suggestions for civil society with regards to applying for funding to work on FLEGT. It is based on lessons learned from past experiences as well as direct inputs from the donors themselves. The ...
Forest Stands: How new EU trade laws help countries protect both forests and peoples
This report charts the progress being made by the VPAs in encouraging forest reform and improved social justice in forests. It suggests that, while progress has not been universal — and forest exploiters are adept at finding the...