Publications & Insight
Europe's Dark Winter
How will people and forests survive the energy crisis?
A carbon bomb in the heart of Europe
Will the EU biomass loophole give a lifeline to energy giant EPH’s coal power plants?
Six problems with BECCS
The ongoing Fit For 55 discussions aim to increase Europe’s ambition in the fight against climate change, including the role of land in contributing to these efforts. As part of a larger debate on the role of negative emissions to...
What does ‘Fit for 55’ mean for forests?
Why the European Commission's 2030 climate and energy proposal is unfit for forests.
Unsustainable and Ineffective: Why EU Forest Biomass Standards won't stop destruction
There has been intense criticism of the European Union (EU) Renewable Energy Directive (RED) for leading to adverse impacts on forests in Europe and beyond. To tackle these concerns, the EU developed sustainability criteria that...
Five ways the EU can ensure forests support EU climate and biodiversity goals
To tackle the climate crisis, EU land and forests need to absorb more carbon dioxide, but the opposite is happening. EU forest health and biodiversity is declining, even in EU forests protected by legislation. Half of all the wood...
Letting trees age: an effective climate strategy
French forests are currently at a crossroads. Ever since the 2007 Grenelle Environment Forum, France, like many European countries, has allowed industrial wood energy projects to proliferate. Now the urgent need to deal with the...
The shocking truth about EU forests in numbers
By 2050, the EU forest sink will be halved if current management practices continue.
80% of EU forests with protected status are in an "unfavourable" or "bad" condition.
EU rules only require 36% of all trees burned for...
Europe’s National Energy and Climate Plans to 2030: Are they fit for purpose?
The National Energy and Climate Plans, due to be published by the end of 2019 will determine whether and how we limit global heating to 1.5 degrees.
Fern has conducted an analysis of the plans of five Member States – Sweden,...
Snake oil or climate cure - The effect of public funding on European bioenergy
If European Union targets are met, by the year 2020, 20 per cent of the EU’s energy consumption will come from renewable sources. In an attempt to achieve this target, the EU is investing heavily in new sources of energy,...