Duty Free? Making EU tariffs Work for People and Forests
This report asks whether the EU can set lower tariffs for products identified as sustainably produced. It raises issues surrounding practical implications of doing so, such as World Trade Organisation applicability and political...
Catching it all: Making EU illegal logging policies work better for people and forests
This report explores how trade in agricultural commodities undermines important EU timber trade reforms. It recommends a course of action that extends Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade-like mechanisms to agricultural...
Clear Cut: Making EU financial institutions work for people and forests
This report examines the activities of different financial institutions and their involvement in forest-risk agriculture. It investigates specific voluntary policies intended to address environmental, social and governance issues...
Implement in haste, repent at leisure
This is the third in a series of reports in which FERN and the Forest Peoples Programme (FPP) look at the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). This case study concludes that unless major changes are made in FCPF...
Community representation and participation in the VPA process
This report looks at the extent of community participation in VPA processes by considering case studies of communities from nine VPA countries.
Making Forestry Fairer
It is widely accepted that in order to keep forests standing, forest policies must be fair and reflect the needs, values and rights of local communities. But turning that aspiration into reality has proved extremely difficult,...
Misleading numbers: The Case for Separating Land and Fossil Based Carbon Emissions
The word ‘carbon’ appears with relentless ubiquity in the news and in government policy and legislation. It is discussed as if it were a simple, almost abstract and easily quantifiable substance. However, like many ubiquitous...
Misleading numbers summary
This is the summary version of misleading numbers. It outlines that fossil and land-based carbon are not interchangeable and that emissions from fossil fuels cannot be negated by increasing or protecting the storage potential of...
Exploring credibility gaps in Voluntary Partnership Agreements: A review of independent monitoring initiatives and lessons to learn
Independent forest monitoring has been a feature of international efforts to improve forest governance and reduce illegal logging since the 1990s. This study considers the role of independent monitoring, involving civil society,...
Carbon Discredited: Why the EU should steer clear of forest carbon offsets
The N’hambita Forest Carbon Offset Pilot Project, run by the company Envirotrade, and initially funded by European Commission (EC) money, has failed to deliver most of its climate change, development, financial and learning...