Fossil fuels – left untouched – store carbon for millennia.
Forests can also store carbon but for much shorter time periods. Climate scientists measure emissions and removals of carbon dioxide from land and forests separately from fossil fuel emissions. This sector is called LULUCF - Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry. In EU climate policy it is one of three sectors which together must reduce EU greenhouse gas emissions to at least 40 per cent below 1990 levels by 2030.
Fern analyses and explains prohibitively complicated LULUCF discussions so that civil society and politicians can be more involved.
LULUCF related resources
How bioenergy harms biodiversity: the facts
Intensive forest management is having devastating impacts on wildlife and biodiversity in the EU. This has increased since bioenergy was incentivised as a renewable form of energy under the Renewable Energy Directive. Scientists,...
Five ways the EU can ensure forests support EU climate and biodiversity goals
To tackle the climate crisis, EU land and forests need to absorb more carbon dioxide, but the opposite is happening. EU forest health and biodiversity is declining, even in EU forests protected by legislation. Half of all the wood...
The EU LULUCF Regulation: Help or hindrance to sustainable forest biomass use?
The European Commission has stated that, “climate action is at the heart of the recently introduced European Green Deal”, including “ambitiously cutting greenhouse gas emissions” and reaching zero emissions by 2050. As part of the...
Letting trees age: an effective climate strategy
French forests are currently at a crossroads. Ever since the 2007 Grenelle Environment Forum, France, like many European countries, has allowed industrial wood energy projects to proliferate. Now the urgent need to deal with the...