What’s the problem?
Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are the cornerstone of the Paris Climate Agreement. They are voluntary pledges which outline progress towards tackling the climate crisis, and – if successful – provide a path out of it.
The protection, restoration, and inclusive management of forests helps address the causes and consequences of climate change. Several countries included forest adaption and/or mitigation targets in their first NDC. But many NDCs were developed with little or no engagement from civil society or forest communities. And many states had not considered improving forest governance.
For NDCs to tackle the climate breakdown, they must be strengthened and involve all stakeholders, including forest communities and local activists.