Europe’s National Energy and Climate Plans to 2030: Are they fit for purpose?
The National Energy and Climate Plans, due to be published by the end of 2019 will determine whether and how we limit global heating to 1.5 degrees.
Fern has conducted an analysis of the plans of five Member States – Sweden,...
Snake oil or climate cure - The effect of public funding on European bioenergy
If European Union targets are met, by the year 2020, 20 per cent of the EU’s energy consumption will come from renewable sources. In an attempt to achieve this target, the EU is investing heavily in new sources of energy,...
Bioenergy in the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive
The European Parliament is currently discussing the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) which will determine how biomass can be used for energy towards meeting the EU’s renewable energy target and minimum...
Ensuring bioenergy comes clean in the Clean Energy Package - Joint Statement
European climate and energy policies are built on the myth that all bioenergy - being a renewable energy source - is good for the climate and good for the environment. As the use of bioeenrgy in the EU is expected to more than...
Burning trees for energy is no solution to climate change
This briefing note outlines why using wood to produce renewable electricity and heat can increase carbon dioxide emissions. It explains what is wrong with the assumption that all biomass use for energy is ‘carbon-neutral’ and why...
Bioenergy briefing note 1: the limited availability of wood for energy
This is the first of a series of briefings Fern is producing on bioenergy. This briefing shows how little forest biomass is available, and proposes an EU strategy for a more efficient use of the scarce wood resource.The European...
Driving to destruction
This study analyses the likely impacts on land use and greenhouse gas emissions of biofuel use by 2020, as projected in recently published National Renewable Energy Action Plans in 23 EU member states. The analysis includes...
Volunteering for disaster - Why biomass criteria must be ambitious and legally binding
As 2009 draws to a close, the European Commission is finalising its report on a sustainability scheme for biomass, but considering voluntary recommendations rather than binding biomass criteria. This short briefing explains why...
From green ideals to REDD money
FERN briefing note detailing the history of Avoided Deforestation and Degradation and explaining the basic differences between the different country proposals on the table for Reduced Emissions of Deforestation and Forest...
When the solution is the problem: The EU and its policies on agrofuels
This briefing paper briefly describes the two sides of the agrofuels issue and analyses the present EU debate. It concludes that the present EU policy is misguided and strongly advocates dropping the 10 per cent target while...