Europe’s National Energy and Climate Plans to 2030: Are they fit for purpose?
The National Energy and Climate Plans, due to be published by the end of 2019 will determine whether and how we limit global heating to 1.5 degrees.
Fern has conducted an analysis of the plans of five Member States – Sweden,...
Snake oil or climate cure - The effect of public funding on European bioenergy
If European Union targets are met, by the year 2020, 20 per cent of the EU’s energy consumption will come from renewable sources. In an attempt to achieve this target, the EU is investing heavily in new sources of energy,...
How the EU Governance Regulation can help achieve negative emissions
This briefing explains that there is effectively only one realistic and sustainable way to remove large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere (negative emissions): forests.With much of Europe’s land already taken up...
Bioenergy in the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive
The European Parliament is currently discussing the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) which will determine how biomass can be used for energy towards meeting the EU’s renewable energy target and minimum...
What impact has the Renewable Energy Directive had on EU forests?
The EU Renewable Energy Directive was launched in 2009 to great fanfare and the promise that the EU would fulfil at least 20 per cent of its total energy needs with renewables. Few could have guessed that a policy intended to help the EU meet climate goals would lead to vast increases in the burning of wood, degrading forests in Europe and beyond.
Ensuring bioenergy comes clean in the Clean Energy Package - Joint Statement
European climate and energy policies are built on the myth that all bioenergy - being a renewable energy source - is good for the climate and good for the environment. As the use of bioeenrgy in the EU is expected to more than...
Burning trees for energy is no solution to climate change
This briefing note outlines why using wood to produce renewable electricity and heat can increase carbon dioxide emissions. It explains what is wrong with the assumption that all biomass use for energy is ‘carbon-neutral’ and why...
Cheating the climate: the problems with aviation industry plans to offset emissions
The UN Paris Agreement to reduce greenhouse gas does not cover emissions from international aviation. These are regulated by the UN’s International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which has been tasked with adopting a proposal...
LULUCF: what would a good proposal look like?
As the ratification process for the Paris Climate Agreement begins, a new Fern briefing has shown how the EU’s new policy on land and forests could help it to be more ambitious on its climate change targets, and set a positive...
Bioenergy briefing note 1: the limited availability of wood for energy
This is the first of a series of briefings Fern is producing on bioenergy. This briefing shows how little forest biomass is available, and proposes an EU strategy for a more efficient use of the scarce wood resource.The European...