The long road to timber legality: Taking stock of the EU-Vietnam VPA timber trade deal
On 19 October 2018, after eight years of negotiations, the Voluntary Partnership Agreement – a timber trade deal between the European Union (EU) and Vietnam – was signed in Brussels. Civil society has been rightly concerned about...
Analysis of gender impacts of the Ghana Voluntary Partnership Agreement with European Union
Fern commissioned this study of gender issues in Ghana’s FLEGT VPA as a tentative first step to looking at gender issues which have to date received only scant attention. It offers TAYLOR CRABBE INITIATIVE’s observations about how...
Independent Forest Monitoring: a chance for improved governance in VPA countries?
The forest sector is particularly vulnerable to poor governance including corruption, fraud, and organised crime. Illegality in the sector generates vast sums of money and has helped fuel long and bloody conflicts. Even in...
A chance for change: A civil society briefing on the Voluntary Partnership Agreement negotiations between Vietnam and the European Union
This briefing takes stock of the VPA between Vietnam and the EU at a key juncture: as the Agreement formally moves from its negotiation to ratification phase.It assesses the VPA – and the negotiation process – from a civil society...
Making Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) work for forests, people and the climate: Civil society recommendations on the future of VPAs
As decision makers in the European Union (EU) and timber producing countries consider the future of the FLEGT Action Plan, and its Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPA), civil society organisations and platforms from Cameroon,...
Cheating the climate: the problems with aviation industry plans to offset emissions
The UN Paris Agreement to reduce greenhouse gas does not cover emissions from international aviation. These are regulated by the UN’s International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which has been tasked with adopting a proposal...
Improving forest governance in Laos
In 2012, the Lao government expressed interest in negotiating a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) with the European Union to address illegal logging trade and to improve forest governance. An unreleased study for WWF found...
NGOs call for FLEGT Action Plan to be strengthened
A group of NGOs, including Fern, has issued a briefing paper calling on the EU to strengthen the measures contained in the FLEGT Action Plan as a way of tackling illegal logging. The briefing is the NGOs’ contribution to the...
Who takes the credit? REDD+ in a post-2020 UN climate agreement
This briefing note addresses the risks that could arise if Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) were to be included in an international climate agreement. Specifically, it looks at ‘double-counting’,...