A comparison of national sustainability schemes for solid biomass in the EU
There are no harmonised sustainability criteria for bioenergy or the sourcing of biomass across the European Union (EU). EU Member States have therefore largely relied on domestic Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) rules to guide...
Up In Flames: How biomass burning wrecks Europe’s forests
This new report by Fred Pearce for Fern shows that Europe’s forests are being invaded in the name of green energy. The report focuses on a number of forests in Europe and the US, that are under threat by this push for bioenergy,...
Scoping Study on EU-China Relationships in the Forestry Sector
China’s rapid economic growth has spurred a massive demand for natural resources – including timber, agricultural commodities and minerals – the vast bulk of which are imported. Although it is estimated that the proportion of...
Do FLEGT VPAs improve governance?
Fern has published research showing that the FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) have led to clear improvements in forest governance. the publication of the research came as the European Commission released an...
Going beyond 40% - options to ensure LULUCF maintains high environmental integrity of the EU climate and energy package
As the ratification process for the Paris Climate Agreement begins, a new study produced by the Oeko-Institut for Fern has shown how the EU’s new policy on land and forests could help it to be more ambitious on its climate change...
Protecting forests, improving livelihoods - Comparing community forestry in Cameroon and Guatemala
This report conducts a comparison between the experience of community forests in Guatemala and in Cameroon. Community forests in Guatemala have met with some success, in some cases becoming effective enterprises at the same time...
Designing a LULUCF pillar that works for forests and climate
This report by the Institute for European Environmental Policy was commissioned by Fern to develop proposals for how best to include the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector's emissions and removals in the EU’s...
Stashing the cash: banks, money laundering and the battle against illegal logging
Illegal logging is believed to account for between 15% and 30% of the international trade in timber, with revenues running into billions of dollars each year. This has prompted the EU, the World Bank and others to call for more...
Time to Rethink? A Critique of Rural Land Law in Côte d’Ivoire
The objective of this paper is to critique rural land law and forest law in Côte d’Ivoire from an Africa-wide perspective. The paper starts with an overview of customary land tenure across Africa, and different countries’...
Playing with Fire: Human Misery, Environmental Destruction and Summer BBQs
With temperatures soaring across Europe this summer millions have enjoyed barbecues – and will continue to do so until the last drops of warm weather. Yet few are aware of the true cost of the charcoal they fire them with.