Detoxifying palm oil
How European Union policy could remove deforestation and human rights violations from the palm oil trade with Indonesia
Palm oil is omnipresent in our lives due to its wide range of uses. It is also the focus of many campaigns because of the detrimental impacts its production has on forests and forest-dependent communities. These campaigns have convinced many governments and businesses that coherent action in needed. As one of the world’s biggest importers of palm oil, the European Union (EU) is a large part of the problem, but it could also be an important part of the solution. For example, around 60 per cent of all palm oil is produced in Indonesia, and much of it is imported to the EU. The EU and Indonesia should therefore deliver trade and development policies which ensure palm oil production respects indigenous peoples’ and community rights and doesn’t harm forests.
Indonesian–EU palm oil trade and consumption
'Improving coherence of EU actions to avoid deforestation and human rights abuses'
Forests and forest people in EU Free Trade Agreements
The EU has made strong commitments to mitigate climate change, stop deforestation and respect human rights, including community rights to land. The trade agreements the EU is currently negotiating with highly forested countries...
WTO Compatibility with EU Action on Deforestation
This report asserts that, formulated with care, government policies and laws to prioritise sustainable products can be compatible with the WTO. It provides insight into how the WTO system works, fundamental principles such as...
Duty Free? Making EU tariffs Work for People and Forests
This report asks whether the EU can set lower tariffs for products identified as sustainably produced. It raises issues surrounding practical implications of doing so, such as World Trade Organisation applicability and political...
The EU - India FTA
A new FERN funded report by Kavaljit Singh on the EU-India Free Trade Agreement with a strong focus on the banking sector. The report asks the question who benefits from FTAs and shows that opening up India for European banks can...
Exporting Destruction. Export credits, illegal logging and deforestation
Exporting Destruction is the conclusion of research that included fieldwork in China, desk
studies, and a new financial review, all commissioned to shine a light on the role that export
credit agencies (ECAs) play in financing global deforestation. Through detailed case studies
and historical research, FERN has been able to produce a set of policy recommendations that
would, if implemented effectively, bring export credits in line with other publicly-funded institutions and reduce their potential for negative social and environmental impacts.
Why Investment Matters: The Political Economy of International Investments
Investment is not just a blandly apolitical process by which money is mysteriously made to grow, but a process in which companies and governments define and redistribute access to assets, determining who accumulates wealth and at whose expense. This book, by Kavaljit Singh, aims to educate us how investment works, who the main players are and what trends are emerging.