Key elements for an agreement between the EU and cocoa-producing countries, to ensure sustainability in the cocoa sector
The European Commission is exploring bilateral agreements with the governments of Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire to ensure sustainability in the cocoa sector, and in particular to tackle deforestation, farmer poverty and child labour.
How to ensure FLEGT is a success: Make sure we stay the course
This January 2020 Fern and LoggingOff's update on FLEGT VPAs shows the support the process is still receiving from civil society, governments and the private sector. It is written by Civil Society leaders across Africa, Asia and Latin America and shows their enthusiasm for the process despite the multiple challenges.
Healthy forests = equitable livelihoods, inclusive development and a resilient climate
This briefing endorsed by Client Earth, the Environmental Investigation Agency, Fern, Forest Peoples Programme, and Transparency International details what the EU can do to ensure that healthy forests contribute to local...
Deepening and expanding multi-stakeholder participation in VPAs to achieve greater impact
VPA update, June 2019
One of the unique features of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) – which form a key part of the EU’s Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan – is that they allow a variety of actors (government, private sector, civil society and forest communities) to discuss how forests should be managed.
Towards sustainable cocoa supply chains: Regulatory options for the EU
Europeans consume more chocolate than anyone else in the world. But the cocoa production sector – based primarily in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire - is plagued with child labour and deforestation.
Following decades of failed...
Trade agreements and transparency: under construction – VPA update, December 2018
Illegal logging and the illicit timber trade thrive when legal frameworks, rights and benefits are unclear and complex to enforce. Transparency is therefore at the heart of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) and over the last...
Learning lessons from FLEGT-VPA to promote governance reform in Ghana’s cocoa sector
Cocoa is crucial to Ghana’s economy, but is also a significant driver of deforestation. The Ghana National REDD+ Strategy identifies agricultural expansion to be responsible for at least 50 per cent of deforestation, with cocoa a...
Rooting for change - VPA Update, June 2018
One year ago, forests and their crucial ecological and economic role were again at the forefront of the EU’s policy agenda. In June 2017, at the EU conference on illegal logging and deforestation, EU Commissioner for International...
EU consumption of cocoa and deforestation
Cocoa consumption is a major cause of deforestation – estimated to have destroyed an area of forest the size of Belgium between 1988 and 2008.
Other problems include endemic use of child labour, local tenure conflicts, and...
A year on from FLEGT licensing - VPA Update, November 2017
LoggingOff and Fern publish occasional Forest Watch updates detailing events in countries negotiating a Voluntary Partnership Agreement from a civil society perspective. In the November 2017 edition, the main article focuses on...