Towards sustainable cocoa supply chains: Regulatory options for the EU
Europeans consume more chocolate than anyone else in the world. But the cocoa production sector – based primarily in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire - is plagued with child labour and deforestation.
Following decades of failed...
Bringing community forestry to the next level: A review of European support in the Congo Basin
In the past two decades, community forestry has yielded uneven results in the Congo Basin. The initial goal - enabling local communities to benefit directly from forest management - is not yet a reality. Problems include uneven...
Community forestry in Liberia
In a world where communities have less access and ownership to land and forests, what happens when forests are too small to commercially log?
This report documents three community stories, showing how they have tried to benefit...
Community forestry: Opportunity or mirage for women in the Congo Basin?
In the Congo Basin, women play an important role in forest management by either practicing traditional agroforestry or collecting fuelwood and non-timber forest products for food, livestock, and health care or income generation....
EU forests in danger: Forest protection starts in our backyard
Trees cover 182 million hectares of the EU. That’s six times the size of Italy. Yet as this report shows, European Union (EU) forests are under threat, and rapid and committed action is required to save them. We all - citizens,...
Trade agreements and transparency: under construction – VPA update, December 2018
Illegal logging and the illicit timber trade thrive when legal frameworks, rights and benefits are unclear and complex to enforce. Transparency is therefore at the heart of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) and over the last...
Hardening international soft law frameworks into EU measures to address forest-risk commodities
This report provides European policymakers with recommendations for supply-side and demand-side policy measures in order to fulfill the EU’s pledge to tackle global deforestation and forest degradation.
Forests and forest people in EU Free Trade Agreements
The EU has made strong commitments to mitigate climate change, stop deforestation and respect human rights, including community rights to land. The trade agreements the EU is currently negotiating with highly forested countries...
Missing Pathways to 1.5°C: The role of the land sector in ambitious climate action
Climate ambition that safeguards land rights, biodiversity and food This report examines three overlapping crises: climate change, biodiversity loss and the growing land and other rights abuses against Indigenous Peoples and local...
Getting the “Bads” Out of Goods: Evolution from voluntary to regulated approaches in reducing the undesirable impacts of global trade
This report provides an overview and analysis of the means by which a number of “global public bads” associated with international trade have been addressed. It draws lessons from these experiences for how to tackle the problem of...