Publications & Insight
Cocoa: why the European Union must act now to eliminate deforestation and child labour from the chocolate we love
European countries are the world’s largest importers of the cocoa beans whose production is devastating rainforests in West Africa and driving millions of children into child labour. To prevent this, chocolate companies and NGOs...
Cocoa update: farmers in West Africa could benefit from higher cocoa prices; calls intensify for EU regulation
Companies will back producer countries’ bold move to raise cocoa prices, and are also showing support for EU regulation.
Civil society from emerging nations share their views on forests in danger and EU policies
NGO leaders from tropical forested nations offer first-hand accounts on what is needed for effective forest protection.
Healthy forests = equitable livelihoods, inclusive development and a resilient climate
This briefing endorsed by Client Earth, the Environmental Investigation Agency, Fern, Forest Peoples Programme, and Transparency International details what the EU can do to ensure that healthy forests contribute to local...
Deepening and expanding multi-stakeholder participation in VPAs to achieve greater impact
VPA update, June 2019
One of the unique features of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) – which form a key part of the EU’s Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan – is that they allow a variety of actors (government, private sector, civil society and forest communities) to discuss how forests should be managed.
Towards sustainable cocoa supply chains: Regulatory options for the EU
Europeans consume more chocolate than anyone else in the world. But the cocoa production sector – based primarily in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire - is plagued with child labour and deforestation.
Following decades of failed...
Ghana and FLEGT licences: Only technical steps remain
Ghana is poised to become the first African country and the second country in the world to issue FLEGT (Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade) licences. Officials from the EU and Ghana’s Ministry of Land and Natural...
Momentum growing for EU regulation on cocoa and deforestation
Belgium has called for “an ambitious [EU] action plan against deforestation and forest degradation before the end of the current mandate of the European Commission”, as part of a new Belgian initiative on cocoa launched on 5...
Trade agreements and transparency: under construction – VPA update, December 2018
Illegal logging and the illicit timber trade thrive when legal frameworks, rights and benefits are unclear and complex to enforce. Transparency is therefore at the heart of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) and over the last...
From the forests to the EU
Civil society explains how the EU can help protect forests and forest people rights
Around the world, about 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their survival. And yet, in 2017 alone, global tropical forests lost 15.8...