Publications & Insight
Response to the Verified Carbon Standard
In November 2017, Fern published new research showing why forest carbon offsets should be ineligible for the United Nations (UN) International Civil Aviation Organisation’s (ICAO) carbon neutral initiative.
Unearned credit: Why aviation industry forest offsets are doomed to fail
Unlike other sectors, international aviation is not included in 2015’s Paris Agreement. This has allowed aviation to lag behind other sectors when it comes to reducing emissions. In the face of mounting criticism, the...
Blog: Aviation industrys carbon offsetting plans keep flying into trouble
Keeping global warming below 1.5°C - which the Paris Agreement strives to – means fundamental changes for industries from energy to transport. Yet the aviation sector - one of the planet’s biggest emitters of carbon dioxide (CO2)...
How UN aviation deal is cheating the climate
Cheating the climate: the problems with aviation industry plans to offset emissions
The UN Paris Agreement to reduce greenhouse gas does not cover emissions from international aviation. These are regulated by the UN’s International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which has been tasked with adopting a proposal...
Who takes the credit? REDD+ in a post-2020 UN climate agreement
This briefing note addresses the risks that could arise if Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) were to be included in an international climate agreement. Specifically, it looks at ‘double-counting’,...
Fighting Fossil Fuels First Making EU climate policy work for people and forests
This study refocuses attention on the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions domestically, without offloading responsibilities onto other countries through offsets. It explores why forests cannot offset fossil fuel emissions; and...
Que sont les puits de carbone?
Un puits de carbone est un élément qui absorbe plus de carbone qu’il n’en rejette, tandis qu’une source d’émission de carbone est un élément qui rejette plus de carbone qu’il n’en absorbe. Les forêts, les sols, les océans et...
Misleading numbers summary
This is the summary version of misleading numbers. It outlines that fossil and land-based carbon are not interchangeable and that emissions from fossil fuels cannot be negated by increasing or protecting the storage potential of...
Misleading numbers: The Case for Separating Land and Fossil Based Carbon Emissions
The word ‘carbon’ appears with relentless ubiquity in the news and in government policy and legislation. It is discussed as if it were a simple, almost abstract and easily quantifiable substance. However, like many ubiquitous...