Hardening international soft law frameworks into EU measures to address forest-risk commodities
This report provides European policymakers with recommendations for supply-side and demand-side policy measures in order to fulfill the EU’s pledge to tackle global deforestation and forest degradation.
EU consumption of rubber and deforestation
Natural rubber plantations emerged as a significant source of deforestation, land grabs and human rights abuses in the first decade of the 21st century.
Three quarters of the world’s natural rubber production goes to...
Civil society letter on the EU Protein Plan to the Austrian Presidency
On October 18, European NGOs and networks, including Fern, sent an open letter to the Permanent Representation of Austria, on the occasion of the Austrian presidency, to make recommendations on the EU's upcoming protein plan. They...
Missing Pathways to 1.5°C : Executive summary
This summary of the CLARA report looks at how the land sector can help ambitious climate action. It provides an alternate response to the question of how we can meet the Climate Paris Agreement’s goal of keeping warming to 1.5°C. ...
Speaking truth to power: The village women taking on the palm oil giant
The Société Financière des Caoutchouc (Socfin) group is among the world’s biggest independent plantation owners, managing 187,000 hectares of mostly oil palm and rubber plantations in Asia and Africa, where it has been operating...
Learning lessons from FLEGT-VPA to promote governance reform in Ghana’s cocoa sector
Cocoa is crucial to Ghana’s economy, but is also a significant driver of deforestation. The Ghana National REDD+ Strategy identifies agricultural expansion to be responsible for at least 50 per cent of deforestation, with cocoa a...
Getting the “Bads” Out of Goods: Evolution from voluntary to regulated approaches in reducing the undesirable impacts of global trade
This report provides an overview and analysis of the means by which a number of “global public bads” associated with international trade have been addressed. It draws lessons from these experiences for how to tackle the problem of...
Making soft laws enforceable: How the EU can use human rights guidelines to fight agricultural deforestation
The purpose of this discussion paper, which draws on a detailed Fern report as well as an analysis we will soon be publishing, is to show the contours of a way forward. We intend it to start the conversation about how regulatory...
VGGT: what potential to engage?
This rapid scoping of the Food and Agricultural Organisation Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) sought the views of different organisations, individuals and activists on the usefulness of the...