Publications & Insight
Dutch struggle over biomass is heating up
Since last year, the Dutch government has come under fire over its climate and energy policy. The main issue: a total phase out of coal and biomass co-firing.
In June 2015, a Dutch court ordered the state to reduce CO2 emissions...
Slovakia – Up in Flames
He said he was a forest ranger. But he leaped out of an unmarked car and showed no ID before shouting at us and waving a heavy stick menacingly in our faces. The three of us, enjoying the afternoon sun on a short stroll through the woods, were trespassing in the Poloniny National Park, he said – a criminal activity. He harangued us for 15 minutes as we retraced our steps back to the main road. In Slovakia, the heavy machinery of logging companies is allowed inside its national parks – their work was all around us. But walkers often are not.
Bioenergy briefing note 1: the limited availability of wood for energy
This is the first of a series of briefings Fern is producing on bioenergy. This briefing shows how little forest biomass is available, and proposes an EU strategy for a more efficient use of the scarce wood resource.
Pitfalls and potentials: the role of bioenergy in the EU climate and energy policy post 2020
This position paper from Fern and 10 other NGOs argues that the EU should limit bioenergy use in achieving the 2030 renewable energy target, and should introduce safeguards to avoid negative impacts on the environment, people and...
How sustainable is Scandinavian biomass?
By 2020, bioenergy will account for more than 10 per cent of total energy consumption in the EU. Scandinavian forests will be a significant source of biomass for energy, but intensified harvesting could substantially harm...
Healthy Growth? Risk and Opportunity in Bulgaria’s Biomass Industry
There are currently no sustainability standards for biomass production in Bulgaria at either national or EU level. Meanwhile interest is growing in new biomass plants, boilers, and combined heat and power (CHP) plants. This report...
Degrading ecosystems to prevent climate change. Can Czech forests and soils survive the dash for biomass?
This report looks at solid and gaseous biomass use in the Czech Republic to see whether existing legal and regulatory frameworks are sufficient to guarantee sustainable biomass production. It concludes that to achieve responsible...
Felling the Golden Goose. The Sustainable Limits of Finland’s Biomass Ambitions
Projections of future wood availability indicate that Finnish forests should be able to provide sufficient to achieve the country’s 2020 targets for renewable energy. Beyond 2020 it is difficult to predict whether forests will be...
Flows of biomass to and from the EU
This new report shows that the quantity of wood required to satisfy the European Union’s 20-20-20 target is likely to be too large to be met by increased production within the EU. Member States will have to rely on importing wood...
Woody Biomass for Energy: NGO Concerns and Recommendations
The European Commission recently consulted on its preparation of a report on additional sustainability measures at EU level for solid and gaseous biomass used in electricity, heating and cooling. This consultation failed to ask...