Publications & Insight
Healthy Growth? Risk and Opportunity in Bulgaria’s Biomass Industry
There are currently no sustainability standards for biomass production in Bulgaria at either national or EU level. Meanwhile interest is growing in new biomass plants, boilers, and combined heat and power (CHP) plants. This report...
Forest Stands: How new EU trade laws help countries protect both forests and peoples
This report charts the progress being made by the VPAs in encouraging forest reform and improved social justice in forests. It suggests that, while progress has not been universal — and forest exploiters are adept at finding the...
Land Rights in Gabon, Facing Up to the Past - and Present
This report by land tenure specialist Liz Alden Wily documents the tenure situation in Gabon to inform, among others, ongoing discussions concerning FLEGT and REDD in the country. It starts by taking a historic look at Gabon. In...
An end to forest offsets
This manual was put together by the partners of the Grundtvig Learning Partnership “Forests and climate protection – merging topics in environmental education”. It provides background information for developing new approaches in...
Flows of biomass to and from the EU
This new report shows that the quantity of wood required to satisfy the European Union’s 20-20-20 target is likely to be too large to be met by increased production within the EU. Member States will have to rely on importing wood...
Forest Governance and the Voluntary Partnership Agreement: Deepening forest sector reform in Liberia
On 9 May 2011 the government of Liberia and the European Union (EU) signed a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) in the Liberian capital, Monrovia. The aim of the agreement is to improve forest governance by tackling the problem...
Designed to fail? The concepts, practices and controversies behind carbon trading.
Carbon trading has become the central pillar of international efforts to halt climate change. It is a term that most people will recognise, but far fewer will have a good understanding of what it means and how it is supposed to...
Lessons learnt from FLEGT for REDD - Summary
This report explains why ignoring key lessons from initiatives to control illegal logging (such as the EU's Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade Action Plan (FLEGT) will lead REDD to a dead-end.
It builds on FERN's nearly...
Forest bioenergy and biodiversity in the EU: The threats, the possibilities and the challenges
This report looks at the possible benefits of biomass use and considers the levels of biomass that may be available. It also discusses in detail the meaning of sustainable biomass and the practices that have a high risk of...
Forests in danger: failures of EU policy and what needs to change
Though EU policy aims to give equal weight to the 'commercial interests' versus 'ecological interests' of forests, in practice, commercial interests have dominated. This is concerning given that forests can help mitigate the...