Publications & Insight
Cocoa: why the European Union must act now to eliminate deforestation and child labour from the chocolate we love
European countries are the world’s largest importers of the cocoa beans whose production is devastating rainforests in West Africa and driving millions of children into child labour. To prevent this, chocolate companies and NGOs...
Momentum growing for EU regulation on cocoa and deforestation
Belgium has called for “an ambitious [EU] action plan against deforestation and forest degradation before the end of the current mandate of the European Commission”, as part of a new Belgian initiative on cocoa launched on 5...
From the forests to the EU
Civil society explains how the EU can help protect forests and forest people rights
Around the world, about 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their survival. And yet, in 2017 alone, global tropical forests lost 15.8...
Learning lessons from FLEGT-VPA to promote governance reform in Ghana’s cocoa sector
Cocoa is crucial to Ghana’s economy, but is also a significant driver of deforestation. The Ghana National REDD+ Strategy identifies agricultural expansion to be responsible for at least 50 per cent of deforestation, with cocoa a...
World Cocoa Conference: Fix cocoa production’s bitter aftertaste with regulation
Global chocolate companies have called for governments to look at “potential regulatory measures” to address deforestation and poverty in cocoa production, according to the Berlin Declaration agreed at the close of the World Cocoa...
EU consumption of cocoa and deforestation
Cocoa consumption is a major cause of deforestation – estimated to have destroyed an area of forest the size of Belgium between 1988 and 2008.
Other problems include endemic use of child labour, local tenure conflicts, and...
Analysis of gender impacts of the Ghana Voluntary Partnership Agreement with European Union
Fern commissioned this study of gender issues in Ghana’s FLEGT VPA as a tentative first step to looking at gender issues which have to date received only scant attention. It offers TAYLOR CRABBE INITIATIVE’s observations about how...
Independent Forest Monitoring: a chance for improved governance in VPA countries?
The forest sector is particularly vulnerable to poor governance including corruption, fraud, and organised crime. Illegality in the sector generates vast sums of money and has helped fuel long and bloody conflicts. Even in...
Ghana is on the brink of a major advance in its fight against illegal logging. But now its forests face serious threat from mining.
Between 1990 and 2005 Ghana lost an estimated quarter of its national forest cover. Illegal timber harvesting was rife, and poor governance and a lack of transparency plagued the forest sector.
Things began to change for the...
How much do communities get from logging? Social obligations in the logging sector in Cameroon, Ghana, Liberia and Republic of Congo
This study looks at the benefits gained by local communities from the logging industry in Cameroon, Ghana, Liberia and the Republic of Congo and was carried out with support from and on request of local NGOs in these countries.