Publications & Insight
Analysis on biomass in National Energy and Climate Plans
The European Union relies heavily on burning forest biomass to achieve its renewable energy targets. This destructive burning has doubled since the early 2000s and has already surpassed projected levels. Half of all harvested wood...
Forest management and climate change: a new approach to the french mitigation strategy
This new report challenges whether France’s long-term forest strategy will fight climate change. The report shows the flaws in the French plan to produce heat and electricity from burning wood and offers an alternative vision where forests can play their role in fighting the climate breakdown, become more resilient to future shocks and still providing for timber needs.
EU forests in danger: Forest protection starts in our backyard
Trees cover 182 million hectares of the EU. That’s six times the size of Italy. Yet as this report shows, European Union (EU) forests are under threat, and rapid and committed action is required to save them. We all - citizens,...
Covered in smoke: why burning biomass threatens European health
Tens of thousands of EU citizens are dying prematurely every year as a result of exposure to air pollution from burning solid biomass, mainly wood, to provide heat and electricity. Other health impacts include cancers, cardiac and...
Arctic Limits: How Finland’s forest policies threaten the Sámi and the climate
Finland is a test case in the fight against climate change. As the world edges closer to breaching the Paris Agreement goal of keeping global temperature rises below 2 degrees, forests have become increasingly important in...
A dangerous delusion: Debunking the myths around sustainable forests and the EU’s bioenergy policy
A Dangerous Delusion exposes the myth that problems don’t exist with biomass from Europe’s forests – where the EU sources most of its biomass – because they are managed sustainably. It includes case studies on Sweden, Romania,...
A new sustainable bioenergy policy
The European Commission has announced that it will propose a new and improved bioenergy sustainability policy for the use of biomass in heating, electricity and transport as part of its Climate and Energy Package for 2030.
A comparison of national sustainability schemes for solid biomass in the EU
There are no harmonised sustainability criteria for bioenergy or the sourcing of biomass across the European Union (EU). EU Member States have therefore largely relied on domestic Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) rules to guide...
Felling the Golden Goose. The Sustainable Limits of Finland’s Biomass Ambitions
Projections of future wood availability indicate that Finnish forests should be able to provide sufficient to achieve the country’s 2020 targets for renewable energy. Beyond 2020 it is difficult to predict whether forests will be...
Degrading ecosystems to prevent climate change. Can Czech forests and soils survive the dash for biomass?
This report looks at solid and gaseous biomass use in the Czech Republic to see whether existing legal and regulatory frameworks are sufficient to guarantee sustainable biomass production. It concludes that to achieve responsible...