Publications & Insight
Unsustainable and Ineffective: Why EU Forest Biomass Standards won't stop destruction
There has been intense criticism of the European Union (EU) Renewable Energy Directive (RED) for leading to adverse impacts on forests in Europe and beyond. To tackle these concerns, the EU developed sustainability criteria that...
Five ways the EU can ensure forests support EU climate and biodiversity goals
To tackle the climate crisis, EU land and forests need to absorb more carbon dioxide, but the opposite is happening. EU forest health and biodiversity is declining, even in EU forests protected by legislation. Half of all the wood...
Letting trees age: an effective climate strategy
French forests are currently at a crossroads. Ever since the 2007 Grenelle Environment Forum, France, like many European countries, has allowed industrial wood energy projects to proliferate. Now the urgent need to deal with the...
The shocking truth about EU forests in numbers
By 2050, the EU forest sink will be halved if current management practices continue.
80% of EU forests with protected status are in an "unfavourable" or "bad" condition.
EU rules only require 36% of all trees burned for...
Europe’s National Energy and Climate Plans to 2030: Are they fit for purpose?
The National Energy and Climate Plans, due to be published by the end of 2019 will determine whether and how we limit global heating to 1.5 degrees.
Fern has conducted an analysis of the plans of five Member States – Sweden,...
Six problems with BECCS
The theory that BECCS would remove emissions is based on the faulty assumption that bioenergy is carbon neutral. This briefing note outlines six reasons why policy makers planning decarbonization pathways for 2050 or beyond must not rely on BECCS to achieve negative emissions.
Snake oil or climate cure - The effect of public funding on European bioenergy
If European Union targets are met, by the year 2020, 20 per cent of the EU’s energy consumption will come from renewable sources. In an attempt to achieve this target, the EU is investing heavily in new sources of energy,...
Bioenergy in the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive
The European Parliament is currently discussing the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) which will determine how biomass can be used for energy towards meeting the EU’s renewable energy target and minimum...
Ensuring bioenergy comes clean in the Clean Energy Package - Joint Statement
European climate and energy policies are built on the myth that all bioenergy - being a renewable energy source - is good for the climate and good for the environment. As the use of bioeenrgy in the EU is expected to more than...
Burning trees for energy is no solution to climate change
This briefing note outlines why using wood to produce renewable electricity and heat can increase carbon dioxide emissions. It explains what is wrong with the assumption that all biomass use for energy is ‘carbon-neutral’ and why...