Unearned credit: Why aviation industry forest offsets are doomed to fail
Unlike other sectors, international aviation is not included in 2015’s Paris Agreement. This has allowed aviation to lag behind other sectors when it comes to reducing emissions. In the face of mounting criticism, the...
How the EU Governance Regulation can help achieve negative emissions
This briefing explains that there is effectively only one realistic and sustainable way to remove large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere (negative emissions): forests.With much of Europe’s land already taken up...
European Development Finance Institutions and land grabs: The need for further independent scrutiny
This study highlights the role of European Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) in possible land grabs and questionable forestry projects in Africa. It documents nine such cases involving eight of the European DFIs. It raises...
Bioenergy in the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive
The European Parliament is currently discussing the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) which will determine how biomass can be used for energy towards meeting the EU’s renewable energy target and minimum...
Analysis of gender impacts of the Ghana Voluntary Partnership Agreement with European Union
Fern commissioned this study of gender issues in Ghana’s FLEGT VPA as a tentative first step to looking at gender issues which have to date received only scant attention. It offers TAYLOR CRABBE INITIATIVE’s observations about how...
Independent Forest Monitoring: a chance for improved governance in VPA countries?
The forest sector is particularly vulnerable to poor governance including corruption, fraud, and organised crime. Illegality in the sector generates vast sums of money and has helped fuel long and bloody conflicts. Even in...
Lessons learned from community forests in Mexico and Guatemala, to benefit community forest work in West and Central Africa
This paper summarises Fern staff member Julia Christian's lessons from studying community forestry in Mexico and Petén (Guatemala), from March-July 2016, hosted by the Mexican non-governmental organisation Reforestamos. To see a...
Communities & forests in Kenya: Where are new laws taking them?
On 26 May 2017, the still-new African Court handed down a landmark ruling on a case brought against the Government of Kenya by the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights on behalf of the Mau Ogiek forest dweller community....
A chance for change: A civil society briefing on the Voluntary Partnership Agreement negotiations between Vietnam and the European Union
This briefing takes stock of the VPA between Vietnam and the EU at a key juncture: as the Agreement formally moves from its negotiation to ratification phase.
It assesses the VPA – and the negotiation process – from a civil...
Recommendations for an EU Action Plan to Protect Forests and Respect Rights
Keeping forests standing and restoring ecosystems is essential if the world is to meet biodiversity objectives and the Paris Agreement goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees.The EU will be an important player and has...