Process to ratify timber trade agreements
A short briefing note on the processes that leads to operational VPA agreements.
The VPA process is undertaken by the EU on behalf of all its Member States. Although both parties (the EU and the timber producer country) enter...
Trading carbon: how it works and why it is controversial
In the drive to tackle climate change, carbon trading has become the policy instrument of choice among governments. It is also a central element of the UNFCCC’s Kyoto Protocol. National or regional carbon trading schemes are now...
Fools gold: How the planet pays the price for Europes export credits
Member States' Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) are undermining EU climate objectives by providing billions of euros worth of support for highly carbon-intensive projects and "techno-fixes" masquerading as environmental solutions....
European ECA support to carbon intensive industries, a research paper by Profundo
This research conducted for FERN analyses the involvement of all 21 ECAs of EU member countries in the financing of carbon-intensive industries during the period 2004-2009.
Realising rights, protecting forests: An Alternative Vision for Reducing Deforestation
This report is intended primarily for opinion-formers and decisionmakers with a role in making and influencing national policy and legislation on REDD. The case studies show that respecting the rights and realities of indigenous...
A civil society counter-brief on the Congo-EU VPA
On 9 May 2009 the government of the Republic of Congo and the European Union (EU) concluded a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) that aims to solve the country’s problem of illegal logging and associated poor forest governance....
What changes are needed? The implementation of EUs Rural Development Policy
This report follows up FERN’s earlier study “Funding forests into the future? How the European Fund for Rural Development affects Europe’s forests”. It focuses on how national programmes – and more specifically their forestry...
A civil society counter-brief on the Cameroon–EU VPA
On 6th May 2010, the Cameroonian Government and the European Union (EU) concluded a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) that aims to solve the country’s pervasive problem of illegal logging and associated poor governance. The...
EU Ecolabel allows forest destruction - the case of Pindo Deli
This report investigates the award of the EU Ecolabel to two photocopy brands, Golden Plus and Lucky Boss, manufactured by the Indonesian company Pindo Deli, part of Asia Pulp and Paper (APP), one of the world's most controversial...
The Changing Landscape of Export Credit Agencies in the Context of the Global Financial Crisis
With the onset of the global financial crisis and the subsequent squeeze in credit and insurance markets, there is a renewed global demand for export credit and investment insurance products offered by ECAs.The effects of the...