Volunteering for disaster - Why biomass criteria must be ambitious and legally binding
As 2009 draws to a close, the European Commission is finalising its report on a sustainability scheme for biomass, but considering voluntary recommendations rather than binding biomass criteria. This short briefing explains why...
Is REDD undermining FLEGT
With proper safeguards, FLEGT has the capacity to bring about real improvements in forest governance – but concerns have been raised that this could all be undermined by the Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest...
Counting the cost: forest credits and their effect on carbon markets
A short briefing note looking at research into the impact of trading forest carbon credits on carbon markets, and the subsequent effect on forests and the climate.
Avoiding solutions: How Export Credit Agencies help companies that continue to evade tax
This briefing note shows the folly of G-20 plans to increase ECAs’ capacity without ensuring they bring in regulations aimed at halting their support for companies that take advantage of tax avoidance loopholes such as offshore...
From Rome to Lisbon: a guide to the EU and its role in developing trade and investment agreements
Liberalising investments with the aim of opening markets appears to be incompatible with sustainable development of resource-based activities. FERN has therefore published a briefing note, “From Rome to Lisbon,” a guide to the...
From green ideals to REDD money
FERN briefing note detailing the history of Avoided Deforestation and Degradation and explaining the basic differences between the different country proposals on the table for Reduced Emissions of Deforestation and Forest...
Consultation requirements under FLEGT
A briefing note by a coalition of European NGOs which details what constitutes a proper consultation process for countries negotiating a Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade, Voluntary Partnership Agreement (FLEGT-VPA)...
Avoiding Deforestation and Degradation: Walking the tightrope to success
A short briefing note which looks at how to ensure REDD schemes have a threefold purpose: to safeguard and enforce the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, to bring an end to great swathes of deforestation and to...
When the solution is the problem: The EU and its policies on agrofuels
This briefing paper briefly describes the two sides of the agrofuels issue and analyses the present EU debate. It concludes that the present EU policy is misguided and strongly advocates dropping the 10 per cent target while...
Export Credit Debt. How ECA support to corporations indebts the worlds poor
This briefing note by Both ENDS and FERN highlights the fairly hidden role of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) in the debt problems of many developing countries. It explains how export credit debt comes about, and clarifies how the...