Who takes the credit? REDD+ in a post-2020 UN climate agreement
This briefing note addresses the risks that could arise if Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) were to be included in an international climate agreement. Specifically, it looks at ‘double-counting’,...
Pitfalls and potentials: the role of bioenergy in the EU climate and energy policy post 2020
This position paper from Fern and 10 other NGOs argues that the EU should limit bioenergy use in achieving the 2030 renewable energy target, and should introduce safeguards to avoid negative impacts on the environment, people and...
Fighting Fossil Fuels First Making EU climate policy work for people and forests
This study refocuses attention on the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions domestically, without offloading responsibilities onto other countries through offsets. It explores why forests cannot offset fossil fuel emissions; and...
The Power of Public Purchasing: making EU public procurement policy work for people and forests
This report examines how procurement policies have been applied in timber procurement and to agricultural products in public catering and food. It finds that many EU governments require publicly procured timber and timber products...
Less and Better: Making EU Consumption Policies Work for People and Forests
This report explores possible solutions to the EU's huge foodprint, including the opportunity to link health and environmental benefits in encouraging deforestation-free consumption. The study identifies action points, such as...
Duty Free? Making EU tariffs Work for People and Forests
This report asks whether the EU can set lower tariffs for products identified as sustainably produced. It raises issues surrounding practical implications of doing so, such as World Trade Organisation applicability and political...
WTO Compatibility with EU Action on Deforestation
This report asserts that, formulated with care, government policies and laws to prioritise sustainable products can be compatible with the WTO. It provides insight into how the WTO system works, fundamental principles such as...
Catching it all: Making EU illegal logging policies work better for people and forests
This report explores how trade in agricultural commodities undermines important EU timber trade reforms. It recommends a course of action that extends Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade-like mechanisms to agricultural...
Clear Cut: Making EU financial institutions work for people and forests
This report examines the activities of different financial institutions and their involvement in forest-risk agriculture. It investigates specific voluntary policies intended to address environmental, social and governance issues...
Taking stock: Tracking trends in European Aid for forests and communities
Forests and forest-dependent communities are under increasing pressure due to infrastructure projects and the demand for agricultural commodities. Although there is growing recognition of the importance of forests in mitigating...