Misleading numbers: The Case for Separating Land and Fossil Based Carbon Emissions
The word ‘carbon’ appears with relentless ubiquity in the news and in government policy and legislation. It is discussed as if it were a simple, almost abstract and easily quantifiable substance. However, like many ubiquitous...
Misleading numbers summary
This is the summary version of misleading numbers. It outlines that fossil and land-based carbon are not interchangeable and that emissions from fossil fuels cannot be negated by increasing or protecting the storage potential of...
What is biodiversity offsetting and why is it problematic?
Biodiversity is essential to the health of people and the planet and yet European Union (EU) targets to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2010 have been missed. In an attempt to remedy the situation, the EU is reworking its...
What is biodiversity and why is it important?
This first briefing outlines what biodiversity is and why it is important. Future briefings will look at both biodiversity legislation and biodiversity offsetting case studies, and propose a way for the EU to protect biodiversity...
Still exporting destruction: A civil society assessment of Export Credit Agencies’ compliance with EU Regulation (PE-CONS 46/11)
ECA Watch has prepared this ‘shadow report’ — with the support of other civil society groups — in order to assess current ECA practice in relation to issues such as transparency, public accountability and more generally, their...
FLEGT VPA Update November 2013
Every six months, FERN produces an update looking at the present situation with regards the EU's Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan, with a specific focus on Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs)....
Exploring credibility gaps in Voluntary Partnership Agreements: A review of independent monitoring initiatives and lessons to learn
Independent forest monitoring has been a feature of international efforts to improve forest governance and reduce illegal logging since the 1990s. This study considers the role of independent monitoring, involving civil society,...
Carbon Discredited: Why the EU should steer clear of forest carbon offsets
The N’hambita Forest Carbon Offset Pilot Project, run by the company Envirotrade, and initially funded by European Commission (EC) money, has failed to deliver most of its climate change, development, financial and learning...
REDD+ safeguards: more than good intentions? Case studies from the Accra Caucus
This is the third volume of case study reports from the Accra Caucus on Forests and Climate Change, reporting on the implementation of REDD+ in the following countries; Guyana, Nepal, Indonesia, Cameroon and the Democratic...
Subsidising Climate Change: How industry uses the EU ETS to manipulate State Aid rules for their own profit
This short briefing looking at how State Aid is being used to offset the indirect costs of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). The Commission is attempting to remedy the low price of carbon, but State Aid guidelines mean...