Publications & Insight
Securing community land and resource rights in Africa: A guide to legal reform and best practices
This report draws on examples from across Africa to explain key aspects of law and explore ways of identifying, creating and making the most of opportunities for positive legal reform.The EU’s Forest Law Enforcement, Governance...
Misleading numbers: The Case for Separating Land and Fossil Based Carbon Emissions
The word ‘carbon’ appears with relentless ubiquity in the news and in government policy and legislation. It is discussed as if it were a simple, almost abstract and easily quantifiable substance. However, like many ubiquitous...
Misleading numbers summary
This is the summary version of misleading numbers. It outlines that fossil and land-based carbon are not interchangeable and that emissions from fossil fuels cannot be negated by increasing or protecting the storage potential of...
What is biodiversity offsetting and why is it problematic?
Biodiversity is essential to the health of people and the planet and yet European Union (EU) targets to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2010 have been missed. In an attempt to remedy the situation, the EU is reworking its...
Export Credit Agencies
Export Credit Agencies, commonly known as ECAs, are public agencies and entities that provide government-backed loans, guarantees and insurance to corporations from their home country seeking to do business overseas in developing...
What are offsets?
Environmental offsetting enables a company, country or individual to be legally or morally allowed to pollute or otherwise damage the environment as long as they pay someone else somewhere else to attempt to compensate for some or all of the negative consequences.
What is biodiversity and why is it important?
This first briefing outlines what biodiversity is and why it is important. Future briefings will look at both biodiversity legislation and biodiversity offsetting case studies, and propose a way for the EU to protect biodiversity...
What is carbon trading?
Carbon trading is the process of buying and selling permits and credits that allow the permit holder to emit carbon dioxide.
Still exporting destruction: A civil society assessment of Export Credit Agencies’ compliance with EU Regulation (PE-CONS 46/11)
ECA Watch has prepared this ‘shadow report’ — with the support of other civil society groups — in order to assess current ECA practice in relation to issues such as transparency, public accountability and more generally, their...